TRESemme Tres Mousse Extra Hold
Gelatin/Keratin Amino Acids/Lysine
Water: H2O, the stuff we drink.
Isobutane: is also known as methylprobane. It is used in refridgeration and as propellants in aerosol cans due to the fact that it is said to have a low global warming potential. It was introduced by Greenpeace in 1993. However it is considered to be very toxic to humans and ironically, should not be inhaled. It is considered to be an irritant and allergen, non-reproductive toxin, a workplace hazard and is known to be contaminated with butadiene.
Hydroflurocarbon 152A: this is used as a propellant in hairspray. It is a halocarbon. It is considered to be a non-reproductive organ system toxin.
VP/VA Copolymer: this ingredient is a synthetic vinyl polymer. It is used as a binding, film forming and hair fixative. It is considered to be of low toxicity, producing only a mild rash in rare cases. It is not considered to be carcinogenic or an enviornmental toxin.
Hydrolyzed Elastin: it is used as a skin and hair conditioning agent. It is not considered to be toxic to humans or to the environment.
Gelatin/Keratin Amino Acids/Lysine: this is a derivative of gelatin, keratin and lysine. It is used as a skin and hair conditioning agent as well as an anti static agent. It is considered to be safe and non toxic to humans and the environment.
Polysorbate 20: is a sorbitol that has been treated with ethylene oxide. It is used as an emulsifier, a fragrance and a surfactant. In most studies it is defined as being of low toxicity. However ethylene oxide is a known carcinogen. Other concerns related to ethylene oxide are endocrine disruption, organ toxicity, skin irritation and in high doses reproductive and developmental toxicity.
PVP: is also called povidone or polyvinylpyrrolidone, and is a polymer. Yes, it can be found in more than just a pair of pants. It is used as a binding agent in products. It is considered to be safe to use, and of fairly low toxicity. It does not appear to be a contact toxin, developmental toxin or a genotoxin.
Polyquaternium-4: is a copolymer of hydroethylcellulose and diallyldimethyl ammoniumchloride. It is used as an antistatic agent, film former and hair fixative. They are positively charged so they work to neutralize the negative charges in products. It does not appear to be toxic to humans and not expected to be an environmental toxin either.
PPG-12-PEG-50 Lanolin: this product is a polyoxyethylene deriviative of Lanolin. It is used as a skin conditioing agent, and an emulsifying agent. It is considered to be an organ toxin and there is evidence of contamination with both ethylene oxide adn 1,4-Dioxane.
Olealkonium Chloride: this is a quaternary ammonium salt. It is used as an antistatic agent, biocide and hair conditioning agent. It is considered to be an allergen.
Polyquaternium-7: this is a synthetic polymer based on ammonium compounds. It is used as an anti-static agent, film former, and a hair fixative. It is a known non-reproductive organ system toxin, it is also considered to be an environmental toxin. It is also contaminated with acrylamide (a known carcinogen, organ system toxin, reproductive/developmental toxin, allergen and occupational hazard)
Sodium Benzoate: this is a preservative, a bacteriostatic and fungistatic as well under acidic conditions. In combination with ascorbic acid (citric acid, another ingredient) it forms benzene, a known carcinogen. It has also been proven to be genotoxic, affecting the mitochondria. Another interesting fact, parents might be interested in this... watch for this ingredient listed on food packaging along with food colouring. the UK's Food Standards Agency (FSA) suggests that sodium benzoate along with certain artificial colours may be linked to hyperactive behavior.
Propylene glycol: is an organic double alcohol. It is used as a skin conditioning agent, a fragrance, and humectant. It is classified as a skin irritant, and can cause conjunctivitis of the eye. It is also considered to be a mutagen, a broad systemic toxin, and an immune system toxin.
Cyclopentasiloxane: Is another silicone and is used in cosmetics as a conditioner. I had a hard time finding out any information on this product. It appears to be safe in the fact that it has not been detected in human urine or tissues. Though if heated past point of decomposition it will release toxic gases. However overall this product appears to be safe and relatively non toxic. As I say that I am thinking in my head 'this ingredient may need some investigating.
Glycerin: is pretty benign and of low toxicity. It is used in products mainly because it is affective at improving the smoothness of the product and is a good lubricant. Glycerin is a byproduct of bio-diesel. However, all you vegans take note. This form is very expensive, therefore it is more often derived from animal fats such as beef and vegetable oils such as coconut or soy beans. Therefore some products that list glycerin in their ingredients may not be vegan.
Sorbitol: Is also known as glucitol. It is a sugar alcohol and found in a lot gum and food products. In personal care products it is used as a thickening agent as well as a skin conditioning agent. When ingested it can cause diarrhea and flatulence. In more severe cases it can have substantial negative effects. However, when used in personal care products like soaps, shampoos and such, it is deemed to be of low toxicity and is considered safe to use.
Cocamidopropyl betaine: is derived from the coconut oil and dimethylaminopropylamine (known environmental toxin, respiratory toxin, contact allergen). It is used as a skin conditioning agent and a surfactant.
Cyclohexasiloxane: Is another silicone, and is used in cosmetics and beauty products as a skin conditioner and emollient as well as a skin protectent. It has again been linked to environmental toxicity due to persistence and bioaccumulation. Those poor animals just don't get a break from our obsession with beauty. There have also been links to non-reproductive organ system toxicity. Again I will remind everyone of the silicone breast implants disasters. Beauty really is pain...or does it have to be?
Parfum (Fragrance): Used to make the product smell nice. Though it is not considered to be harmful or a toxin, it does cause some individuals to develop headaches if it is labelled that it is derived from natural sources. However, the fragrance industry uses up to 3000 ingredients, most of which are synthetic, some 900 of which were identified as toxic. However, the industry is not required to disclose ingredients of fragrances and perfumes on their labels due to trade secrecy considerations. So you don't know what mix of chemicals you are receiving. Some of them are headaches causing, immunosystem toxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic.