Thursday, 7 March 2013

Redken Color Extend Shampoo ~ Gently cleanses and protects??

The history of dying hair is a long one.  It has been said that red hair first appeared in the dark ages as a genetic mishap.  Those that had inherited the color red for their hair were subject to persecution under the suspicion of witchcraft.  Naturally, causing the necessity of those afflicted to want to hide their hair.  However, that all changed with Queen Elizabeth 1, who was famous for her fire red hair.  It soon became chic, and people would use henna to enhance the red in their hair.  In the Baroque era, both men and women wore wigs in an array of colors.  They even used caustic soda and lye to bleach their hair to obtain the desired blond hair color.   Along with the popularity of blond hair, people also sought to obtain grey hair and used silver nitrate to dye their hair grey.  The use of hair dye has dated all the way back to the Egyptian times.  The first synthetic hair dye was discovered around 1800 by a chemist.  This paved the way for Eugene Schueller who created the first commercial synthetic hair dye, and began what would later be called L'Oreal.   Now one among many multi-billion dollar industries specializing in hair dyes, and products created to help extend the dyes life in the hair.  One such product is Redken Colour Extend Shampoo, it claims to be able to cause the color to last longer than if another product were used.  I am not sure if there is any proof whether that claim is accurate or not, what I do know is that out of the 30 ingredients listed,  about 17 are considered to be toxic.  1 of those ingredients is banned in another country and 2 have not been properly assessed by the CIR board.      

Redken Colour Extend Shampoo


Redken Colour Extend Shampoo

Sodium Laureth Sulfate
Cocamidopropyl Betaine
Glycol Distearate
Sodium Chloride
Sodium Benzoate
Salicylic Acid
Guar Hydroxyproyltrimonium Chloride
Cocamide MIPA
Butylphenyl Methylpropional
Hexl Cinnamal
Cetrimonium Chloride
Vaccinium Macrocarpon (Cranberry) Seed Oil
Hydrolyzed Soy Protein
Benzyl Alcohol
Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein PG-Propyl Salanetriol
Sodium Cocoate
Sodium Hydroxide
Citric Acid


Water:  H2O: the stuff we drink.

Sodium Laureth Sulfate: Used in most soaps and shampoos, it acts as a foaming agent.  It is what causes soaps and shampoos to lather.  It is known to be an irritant, though it is considered safe in small quantities, the more sodium laureth sulfate used the more irritating it becomes. It is not considered to be a carcinogen.

Cocamidopropyl Betaine: is derived from the coconut oil and dimethylaminopropylamine (known environmental toxin, respiratory toxin, contact allergen).  It is used as a skin conditioning agent and a surfactant.

Glycol Distearate: is derived from either animal or vegetable sources (soy, canola). It is used as a surfactant, skin conditioning agent, and a viscosity increasing agent. It appears to be of low toxicity and not considered to be a carcinogen However, there appears to be some confusion on whether or not it is an ecological toxin. 

Sodium Chloride: is your everyday salt.  It is not considered to be toxic and is used as a cleansing agent as well as a thickener.

Amodimethicone:  are silcone based polymers.  It is used as a hair conditioning agent.  It is not considered to be harmful to humans due to the large size of the molecule, there is limited chance of it passing through the skin barrier.

PPG-5-Ceteth-20:this is a polyoxypropylene, polyoxyethylene ether of cetyl alcohol.  It is used as an emulsifying agent.  It is considered to be an environmental toxin.  It is also considered to be toxic to humans due to it being contaminated with 1,4 dioxine ( a known carcinogen) and ethylene oxide (another known toxin).  

Sodium Benzoate: this is a preservative, a bacteriostatic and fungistatic as well under acidic conditions.  In combination with ascorbic acid (citric acid, another ingredient) it forms benzene, a known carcinogen.  It has also been proven to be genotoxic, affecting the mitochondria.  Another interesting fact, parents might be interested in this... watch for this ingredient listed on food packaging along with food colouring.  the UK's Food Standards Agency (FSA) suggests that sodium benzoate along with certain artificial colours may be linked to hyperactive behaviour.

Parfum (Fragrance):  Used to make the product smell nice.  Though it is not considered to be harmful or a toxin, it does cause some individuals to develop headaches if it is labelled that it is derived from natural sources. However, the fragrance industry uses up to 3000 ingredients, most of which are synthetic, some 900 of which were identified as toxic. However, the industry is not required to disclose ingredients of fragrances and perfumes on their labels due to trade secrecy considerations. So you don't know what mix of chemicals you are receiving. Some of them are headaches causing, immunosystem toxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic.

Salicylic Acid: is a momohydroxybenzoic acid and a beta hydroxy acid. It acts as a plant hormone.  It is often used in acne medication due to the ability to break down fats and lipids.  This also means that it will burn skin and damage pores.  There is also information suggesting that it is teratogenic.  There is also a link between Salicylic acid and Reye's Syndrome through Aspirin (one of the main ingredients in Aspirin is salicylic acid).  There is also limited evidence suggesting it may be a mutagen, nervous system depressant and a developmental toxin.

Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride: is an organic compound that is a water-soluble quaternary (positively charged ions) ammonium derivative of guar gum. It is used as a conditioning agent in shampoos and other hair care products.  It is considered to be toxic as well as mild skin and respiratory irritant.  It has also been linked to caustic burns on skin and gastrointestinal lining as well as nausea, vomiting, coma, convulsions, hypo tension and death. It is also considered to be an environmental toxin.

Trideceth-6:  Is a polyethylene glycol ether of tridecyl alcohol.  It is used as an emulsifying agent.  Its use in personal care products is limited.  It is considered to be an organ toxin as well as an environmental toxin.

Cabomer: is not actually one molecule but refers to polymers made from acrylic acid.  It is used in creams and beauty products as a thickening agent and controls the flow of the product.  This ingredient has been labelled as safe and has a low potential for skin irritations, allergic reactions, photo toxicity and sensitisation.

Cocamide MIPA:  this is a mixture of isoopropanolamides of coconut acid.  It is used as a foam booster, viscosity increasing agent,  and an emulsifying agent.  There is conflicting information on whether this ingredient is harmful.  In large doses, it is a skin irritant and a respiratory irritant but those levels are not seen in personal care products.  There are some claims out there that it can lead to the formation of nitrosamines which is a known carcinogen and it is recommended that if you use a shampoo with this ingredient, to make sure that vitamins A and C are also in the product as they are nitrosamine blocking agents.

Butylphenyl Methylpropional:  is used as a masking or fragrance ingredient. There are moderate concerns regarding its toxicity.  It has been shown to effect estrogenic activity by increasing the proliferation of breast cancer cells in vitro.  It is considered to be a non-reproductive organ toxin as well as an endocrine disruptor.

Hexyl Cinnamal:  Is a natural fragrance additive.  It is a known allergen and irritant.   It can also cause central nervous system disruption as well as skin, eye and respiratory tract irritation.   It can also trigger asthma attacks.  

Cetrimonium Chloride:  is a quaternary ammonium compound.  It is used a as preservative  antimicrobial  and an anti-static agent.  It is a known contact skin toxin, allergen, environmental toxin and a non-reproductive organ system toxin.

Linalool: Is a naturally occurring terpene alcohol found in a number of spice plants and flowers.  It is used as a masking agent and perfume.  It is also used as an insecticide.  
Linalool gradually breaks down when in contact with oxygen, forming an oxidized by-product that may cause allergic reactions such as eczema in some individuals.  It is also considered to be a broad systemic toxin, a mutagen, and a human immune system toxin.

Vaccinium Macrocarpon (Cranberry) Seed Oil:  is oil that has been expressed from the seeds of cranberries.  It is used as a skin conditioning agent.  It is not considered to be toxic or harmful to humans or to the environment.

Arginine:  is a naturally occurring amino acid.  It is used as a hair conditioning agent, skin conditioning agent, and an anti-static agent.  It is not considered to be toxic to humans or to the environment.

2-Oleamido-1,3-Octadecanediol:  it is used as a skin conditioning agent.  It is an untested ingredient and therefore there is limited information available.

Hydrolyzed Soy Protein:  this is created by the enzymatic hydrolysis of soy protein.  It is not considered to be toxic to humans or to the environment.

Benzophenone-4:  is a chemical compound found mostly in sunscreen products.  It is a known non reproductive system toxin, hormone disrupter, irritant and allergen.  It does not penetrate through the skin on a large basis however, it does allow for other ingredients to penetrate the skin barrier. 

Citronellol:  Citronellol is used in perfumes and insect repellents.  It is produced by hydrogenation of geraniol. This ingredient is subject to restrictions on use in fragrances under standards issued by the international Fragrance Association. They are also known to be powerful allergens and sensitisers.

Benzyl Alcohol:  is both a naturally occurring, as well as a synthetic compound.  It is used as a preservative and a solvent.  It is considered to be a workplace hazard, an immunotoxin, contact allergen, and an organ system toxin.  An ingredient best to avoid.

Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein PG-Propyl Salanetriol:  this ingredient is a latex polymer and is used as a skin conditioning agent.  It has not been reviewed by the CIR and there is very little to no information regarding this ingredient.

Methyl Cocoate:  is a ester of methyl alcohol and fatty coconut oils.  It is used as a surfactant.  It is generally regarded to be non toxic and safe for use.

Sodium Cocoate:  it is a fatty acid derived mostly from coconuts.  It is used as a surfactant and emulsifying agent.  It is generally considered to be safe and non toxic for humans and the environment.

Sodium Hydroxide:  it is also known as lye and caustic soda.  It is used as a pH balancer and a buffering agent.  It is considered to be a workplace hazard, a skin, eye and lung irritant, and  a non-reproductive organ toxin.

Citric acid: This is in many skin care products especially in the anti-ageing products as an alpha hydroxy.  It acts as a chelating agent, fragrance ingredient, a pH adjuster, buffer and masking.  It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, but there are concerns with broad systemic toxicity and skin irritation.


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