Friday, 25 January 2013

"Basically my wife was immature. I'd be at home in the bath and she'd come in and sink my boats" Woody Allen

Axe Rise Shower Gel


Ingredients:

Axe Rise Shower GelAqua
Sodium Laureth Sulfate
Acrylates Copolymer
Cocamidopropyl Betaine
Ammonium Chloride
Cocamide MEA
Parfum
Citrus Aurantifolia (lime) fruit extract
Synthetic Wax
PPG-9
Sodium Chloride
Citric Acid
Tetrasodium EDTA
Methyparaben
Propylene Glycol
Methylchloroisothiazolinone
Methylisothiazolinone
CI 42090
CI 19140

Description:Water:  H2O, the stuff we drink


Sodium Laureth Sulfate: Used in most soaps and shampoos, it acts as a foaming agent.  It is what causes soaps and shampoos to lather.  It is known to be an irritant, though it is considered safe in small quantities, the more sodium laureth sulfate used the more irritating it becomes. It is not considered to be a carcinogen.  

Acrylytes Copolymer:  is used as a binder, film former, and an antistatic agent.  There is little information on this ingredient, however it seems relatively safe.  It has not been detected in human tissue or urine.


Cocamidopropyl Betaine: is derived from the coconut oil and dimethylaminopropylamine (known environmental toxin, respiratory toxin, contact allergen).  It is used as a skin conditioning agent and a surfactant.


Ammonium Chloride:  it is a combination of hydrochloric and ammonia. It is often used as a flavouring agent in licorice. It is an inorganic salt. It is used as a viscosity increasing agent. Though it is considered to be an irritant, it is generally considered to be safe. It is not a genotoxin organ toxin or a carcinogen.http://www.cosmeticsinfo.org/ingredient_more_details.php?ingredient_id=1845


Cocamide MEA: is derived from the fatty acid of coconuts and monoethanolamine. It is used as a stabilizing agent and a thickener.  There is some controversy surrounding this ingredient, some information claims that it is very harmful and others claim that it is not very toxic at all.  Though there is concern about contamination with nitosamines (serious carcinogen). 

Parfum (Fragrance):  Used to make the product smell nice.  Though it is not considered to be harmful or a toxin, it does cause some individuals to develop headaches if it is labelled that it is derived from natural sources. However, the fragrance industry uses up to 3000 ingredients, most of which are synthetic, some 900 of which were identified as toxic. However, the industry is not required to disclose ingredients of fragrances and perfumes on their labels due to trade secrecy considerations. So you don't know what mix of chemicals you are receiving. Some of them are headaches causing, immunosystem toxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic.

Citrus Aurantifolia (lime) fruit extract: Is used as a skin conditioning agent and a moisturizer.  It is considered to be safe and non toxic.

Synthetic Wax:  Is an organic compound that consists of long alkyl chain.  It is used as a viscosity building agent, masking, and anti static agent.  It considered to be safe and non toxin. 

PPG-9: is also known as polypropylene Glycol 9, and is a quaternary ammonium salt (positively charged).  It is used to prevent the buildup of static electricity.  This ingredient is considered to be a non reproductive toxin, broad systemic toxin and a skin irritant.

Sodium Chloride: is your everyday salt.  It is not considered to be toxic and is used as a cleansing agent as well as a thickener.

Citric acid: This is in many skin care products especially in the anti-ageing products as an alpha hydroxy.  It acts as a chelating agent, fragrance ingredient, a pH adjuster, buffer and masking.  It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, but there are concerns with broad systemic toxicity and skin irritation.

Tetrasodium EDTA: is a preservative made from formaldehyde and sodium cyanide (known carcinogens).  It also acts as a penetration enhancer which means it breaks down the skins natural barrier going right into the blood stream.  It is also classified as a persistent organic pollutant.  It is a known cytotoxin, genotoxin, causes developmental and reproductive effects.  In my opinion this products should be banned.

Methylparaben: is found in such foods as blueberries.  It acts as an antimicrobial agent.  In cosmetics it is used as an anti-fungal agent.  Parabens have had much controversy surrounding them in recent years, and for good reason.  There is strong evidence of methylparaben being a human skin toxicant, human endocrine disruptor, mutagenic, and a broad systemic toxin.  A good reason to stay away from parabens.

Propylene glycol: is an organic double alcohol.  It is used as a skin conditioning agent, a fragrance, and humectant.  It is classified as a skin irritant, and can cause conjunctivitis of the eye.  It is also considered to be a mutagen, a broad systemic toxin, and an immune system toxin.

Methylchloroisothiazolinone: it is a preservative as well as antibacterial and antifungacide.  It is a known skin irritant and can cause chemical burns.  It is also considered to be a human immune system toxin.  There has also been studies showing mutagenic effects.


Methylisothiazolinone:  Is also known as MIT, it is a biocide and preservative.  It is a known immune system toxin, skin irritant, developmental toxin, contact allergen as well a cytotoxin.  Why are we using this product?  We need to start holding companies accountable and forcing them to start providing products that are beneficial to us not harmful.  The general consumer should really start arming themselves with knowledge that way we can help to advocate for our health.


CI 42090:  Also known as Brilliant Blue 1, not to be confused with Brilliant Blue 9.  It is used as a colouring agent.  It is considered to be a mutagen with in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results

CI 19140: is also known as tartrazine, it is a synthetic lemon yellow dye.  It is used as a colourant.  It is an immune system toxin, carcinogen, genotoxin, allergen and causes hyperactivity.  Here is an interesting and highly ironic piece of information.  In the 1990s rumours began to surface that tartrazine will lower sperm count, cause impotency in males and shrink the size of a mans penis and testicles.  Funny since it is in a shampoo designed specifically for men.  There is no proof or documented cases to back up these rumours, however.


TN

Tuesday, 22 January 2013

Axe Primed Just Clean Shampoo - Wash, attract, repeat.

I decided to add a few more of the Axe products to my list due to the sheer popularity of the product.  It appears that through media propaganda, guys are lured into buying a lot of the personal care products originally targeted at woman.  Not that previously guys enjoyed looking and smelling unappealing... it just appears that the marketing and lack of quality ingredients seems to run rampant in men's products.  Lets take this product for example, out of the 19 ingredients, 14 are considered to be toxic in some form or another.  One of those ingredients was actually banned in Japan.  The entire bottle is almost all toxic.  Pretty gross stuff.  After talking with my partner, I got a few items that he used and appeared to really like, as an alternative for those who are interested in healthier options for shampoo.

Axe Primed Just Clean Shampoo
Axe Primed Just Clean Shampoo
Ingredients:
Aqua
Sodium Laureth Sulfate
Cocamidopropyl Betaine
Acrylates Copolymer
Sodium Chloride
Parfum
Citric Acid
Polyquarernium-10
Tetrasodium EDTA
DMDM Hydantoin
PPG-9
Dimethiconol
Methylchloroisothiazolinone
Methylisothiazolinone
Tea-Dodecylbenesulfonate
CI 77019
CI 77891
CI 42090
CI 17200

Description:

Water:  H2O, the stuff we drink.

Sodium Laureth Sulfate: Used in most soaps and shampoos, it acts as a foaming agent.  It is what causes soaps and shampoos to lather.  It is known to be an irritant, though it is considered safe in small quantities, the more sodium laureth sulfate used the more irritating it becomes. It is not considered to be a carcinogen.



Cocamidopropyl Betaine: is derived from the coconut oil and dimethylaminopropylamine (known environmental toxin, respiratory toxin, contact allergen).  It is used as a skin conditioning agent and a surfactant.


Acrylytes Copolymer:  is used as a binder, film former, and an antistatic agent.  There is little information on this ingredient, however it seems relatively safe.  It has not been detected in human tissue or urine.


Sodium Chloride: is your everyday salt.  It is not considered to be toxic and is used as a cleansing agent as well as a thickener.


Parfum (Fragrance):  Used to make the product smell nice.  Though it is not considered to be harmful or a toxin, it does cause some individuals to develop headaches if it is labelled that it is derived from natural sources. However, the fragrance industry uses up to 3000 ingredients, most of which are synthetic, some 900 of which were identified as toxic. However, the industry is not required to disclose ingredients of fragrances and perfumes on their labels due to trade secrecy considerations. So you don't know what mix of chemicals you are receiving. Some of them are headaches causing, immunosystem toxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic.


Citric acid: This is in many skin care products especially in the anti-ageing products as an alpha hydroxy.  It acts as a chelating agent, fragrance ingredient, a pH adjuster, buffer and masking.  It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, but there are concerns with broad systemic toxicity and skin irritation.


Polyquarternium-10: Is part of the polymer family.  They are used in personal care products because they are positively charged.  Because of this they act to neutralize the negative charges and help hair lie flat. Some also have antimicrobial properties. There is very little research I could find on this ingredient, but what I did find was that it appeared to be of low toxicity to humans.  However there have been tests done on small rodents which suggests that it is toxic.  There have also been studies done suggesting that it is also an environmental toxin.  I supplied a link below for more information on this topic.
http://www4.gu.edu.au:8080/adt-root/uploads/approved/adt-QGU20081003.151936/public/02Whole.pdf

Tetrasodium EDTA: is a preservative made from formaldehyde and sodium cyanide (known carcinogens).  It also acts as a penetration enhancer which means it breaks down the skins natural barrier going right into the blood stream.  It is also classified as a persistent organic pollutant.  It is a known cytotoxin, genotoxin, causes developmental and reproductive effects.  In my opinion this products should be banned.


DMDM Hydantoin: is an antimicrobial formaldehyde releaser preservative, basically what this means is it releases formaldehyde making the environment less favourable to the microorganisms. It has been prohibited in Japan for certain cosmetic products.  It is a known human irritant, it is considered to be a broad systemic toxin. However it has been deemed safe by industry panel because the amount of formaldehyde is so small.  Formaldehyde is also a cancer causing agent.


PPG-9: is also known as polypropylene Glycol 9, and is a quaternary ammonium salt (positively charged).  It is used to prevent the buildup of static electricity.  This ingredient is considered to be a non reproductive toxin, broad systemic toxin and a skin irritant.


Dimethiconol: is used as an anti-foaming agent, a skin conditioning agent as well as an emollient.  It is a silicone of a larger molecular make-up.  Due to the size of the molecules the US FDA has ruled it to be safe as it would be unlikely for it to penetrate past the skins surface.


Methylchloroisothiazolinone: it is a preservative as well as antibacterial and antifungacide.  It is a known skin irritant and can cause chemical burns.  It is also considered to be a human immune system toxin.  There has also been studies showing mutagenic effects.


Methylisothiazolinone:  Is also known as MIT, it is a biocide and preservative.  It is a known immune system toxin, skin irritant, developmental toxin, contact allergen as well a cytotoxin.  Why are we using this product?  We need to start holding companies accountable and forcing them to start providing products that are beneficial to us not harmful.  The general consumer should really start arming themselves with knowledge that way we can help to advocate for our health.


TEA-Dodecylbenzenesulfonate: It is a colourless salt and is used in shampoos as a surfactant. It is considered to be toxic, however it is not carcinogenic or considered to be a mutagen.


CI 77019: is Muscovite potassium silicate mica. What this means is it is a brittle silicate mineral used as a colourant.  There is limited evidence showing that it is a liver toxin and gastrointestinal toxin.  Though the information is extremely limited (almost minimal) it appears that if it is airborne it can be toxin but if it is not, it is safe.


CI 77891: also known as titanium dioxide.  This ingredient is a known carcinogen when inhaled, it is thus considered to be an occupational hazard. It is considered to be a human toxin but not considered to be an environmental toxin.  It is generally used as a colourant, opacifying agent, ultraviolet absorber and a sunscreen agent.


CI 42090:  Also known as Brilliant Blue 1, not to be confused with Brilliant Blue 9.  It is used as a colouring agent.  It is considered to be a mutagen with in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation results


CI 17200: is also known as Acid Red 33, it is a disodium salt and is used as a colourant.  It is considered to be a mutagenic.  

TN

Monday, 14 January 2013

The Anatomy of Sweat

The anatomy of sweat is quite an interesting thing.  The body really is a miraculous thing.  Our sweat  could in fact be responsible for early man's survival,  smelling badly could make even the most hungry of predators think twice before pulling out the proverbial knife and fork.  In the time of the Pharaohs, early Egyptians actually applied cinnamon to their underarms as a basic form of deodorant.  I wonder how long after that, that cinnamon rolls where invented.  Did you know that sweat doesn't actually smell.  What makes it stink is the bacteria that lives on us and mingles with the sweat.  What we eat will invariably change the odour of our sweat, if you eat spicy food, it produces sulphur smelling gases.  Men and woman also have different smelling body odour as well, anyone who goes to a gym will know what I am talking about.  Apparently woman have an excess of sulphur compound, combine that with bacteria and we smell like onions.  Yummy.  On the other hand men have an excess of fatty acid, when combined with sweat and bacteria, they smell like cheese.  Even though men have a tendency to smell like cheese there is a chemical reaction that still seems to make us attracted to them.  Strange and weirdly fascinating.
On another note, according to my research, 8 out of 20 of these ingredients are thought to be toxic.  That is actually better than I had expected.  Mainly due to the movement of being anti perspiration  free and all of the bad publicity that aluminium has been receiving.  My partner has been experiementing with different brands of more natural anti-perspiarations.  The one he is currently trying is by Jason.  |I will leave a link for anyone who is interested.  My partner does not seem to mind this product though he warns that if you are one who is proned to sweat a lot, this product may not be the one for you.  I really enjoy the Addidas Cotton Technology deodorant.  Both of these products I will be reviewing in my bog.
   

Degree Body Responsive Invisible Sheer Powder Anti-Perspiration

Ingredients: 

Degree Body Responsive Invisible Sheer Powder Anti-Perspiration
Cyclopentasiloxane
Aluminum Zirconium Tetrachlorohydrex GLY
Stearlyl Alcohol
C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate
PPG-14 Butyl Ether
Hydrogenated Castor Oil
Parfum
Dimethicone
Polyethylene
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

Maltodextrin
Hydrolyzed Corn Starch
Gelatin 
Cellulose Gum
Sodium Starch
Octenylsuccinate
Silica
BHT
Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil

Description:

Cyclopentasiloxane: Is another silicone and is used in cosmetics as a conditioner.  Well I have done some more research on this ingredient, it appears to be not as benign as I had originally hoped.  It appears to be considered a neurotoxin, endocrine disruptor (hormone), non-reproductive organ system toxin, and an environmental toxin (bioaccumulative and persistent).

Aluminum Zirconium Tetrachlorohydrex GLY:  This ingredient is naturally occurring in our environment.  It is also the most common ingredient in anti-perspirants, and has caused a lot of controversy of late.  There are a lot of people who are against it because it blocks the body's natural ability to sweat, which is key to keeping us cool.  Though aluminium itself is pretty benign to us, it's compounds can cause us harm if too much is taken.  Some of the side effects of aluminium toxicity  include kidney and nerve damage, vitamin deficiency, and breast cancer.  Be sure to follow instructions on the labels and never use on broken skin.  Though the amount needed to incur aluminium toxicity is quite substantial, it is still possible to absorb it through the skin.

http://www.livestrong.com/article/201752-the-effects-of-aluminum-on-the-skin/

Stearlyl Alcohol:  It is considered a fatty alcohol.  It is used as an emulsifier, emollient and a thickening agent.  It is considered to be an irritant and not be be used around the eyes.  It is not considered to be carcinogenic, mutagenic, or genotoxic.  There is some concern that it may be an environmental toxin, though not persistent or bioaccumulative.

C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate:  
It is used as a skin conditioning agent, emollient and an antimicrobial.  It is considered to be of low toxicity, and not toxic to the environment.


PPG-14 Butyl Ether: it is a reaction between polypropylene glycol and butyl alcohol, and is derived from petroleum products.  It is used as a skin conditioning agent.  |It is thought to be of low toxicity and not considered to be a hazard to our health, mainly due to the size of the molecule,  It is fairly large so it is not a threat to break through the skin barrier.

Hydrogenated Castor Oil: it is produced through the hydrogenation of caster oil through the use of ethylene oxide (a well known toxin and carcinogen).  It is used as an emollient, emulsifier, skin conditioning agent, and a surfactant.  This product should not be used on broken skin, meaning don't shave your under arms then apply this product right away.  There are concerns of this ingredient being contaminated with 1,4 dioxane (a known carcinogen and toxin)

http://www.thesmartmama.com/understanding-labels-peg-40-hydrogenated-castor-oil-greenwashing/
http://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/peg-40-hydrogenated-castor-oil


Parfum (Fragrance):  Used to make the product smell nice.  Though it is not considered to be harmful or a toxin, it does cause some individuals to develop headaches if it is labelled that it is derived from natural sources. However, the fragrance industry uses up to 3000 ingredients, most of which are synthetic, some 900 of which were identified as toxic. However, the industry is not required to disclose ingredients of fragrances and perfumes on their labels due to trade secrecy considerations. So you don't know what mix of chemicals you are receiving. Some of them are headaches causing, immunosystem toxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic.


Dimethicone: also known as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) which is a silicone oil.  It is used in shampoos to lubricate hair and make it easier to comb and adds shine.  In creams it acts as a skin protectant and an emulsifier.  The FDA has deemed it safe to use.  However most people have heard of the horror stories with silicone breast implants leading companies to switch to saline filled implants.  Other side effects linked to PDMS include allergic reactions from mild to severe as well as a worsening in dryness.  Although the data is limited, it appears to also cause non-reproductive toxicity as well as links to environmental toxicity due to the toxins being bioaccummulative.  This means it builds up and builds up in our soils and sediments.

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride: is generally derived from coconut oil.  When used in skin care products it helps to moisturise dry skin.  It also reduces protein loss when used in hair care products such as shampoo/conditioner.  Its general purpose is to improve the feel and spread ability of creams.  It is also a suitable carrier for oil infusions among other things.  Although coconut oil has been deemed dangerous due to high levels of saturated fats and lauric acid which causes high blood pressure, it does not have the same reputation in personal care products.  It has been regarded as safe, even for pregnant woman to use.  However, there is a small population of people who still have reactions to this ingredient.  One worthy thing to note is this, it can be used as a personal lubricant, however it may cause damage to latex condoms.  An interesting piece of information.


Maltodextrin: it is used as a binding agent.  It is mostly derived from corn but may be produced from wheat in Europe.  It is considered to be a sugar or glucose product.  It is considered to be of low toxicity and not considered to be an environmental toxin.

Hydrolyzed Corn Starch: it is used as a binding and a bulking agent.  it may also be used as a skin and hair conditioning agent.  It is not considered to be toxic to humans or to the environment.

Gelatin: It is derived from the collagen from animal by-products.  It is considered to be of low human health risk potential.  However there are high levels of monitoring when it is being extracted for risk of mad cow disease.

Cellulose Gum: It is used as a thickening agent and viscosity agent.  It is naturally occurring and is derived from plant fibres.  It is considered to be safe, non toxic to humans or to the environment.

Sodium Starch Octenylsuccinate:  It is used as a viscosity controlling agent, and an emulsion stabiliser.  It is not considered to be toxic to humans or to the environment.


Silica:  is a chemical compound that is an oxide of silicon and is most commonly found in sand.  It is used as an absorbing agent.  There is some controversy surrounding this ingredient.  It is rated as benign either of high or low toxicity, depending on the usage of it.  It is considered to be a workplace hazard, if inhaled this ingredient can cause severe respiratory issues and cancer.  It has also been linked to non reproductive organ toxicity and is considered to be an environmental toxin.

BHT:  is a fat soluble organic compound.  It is very high in antioxidants, and is effective in helping to fight the herpes virus.  However it is very controversial due to the connection with cancer and hyperactivity in children.  There have also been claims that it interferes with hormones.  According to the Environmental Working Group there is evidence that it is a carcinogen as well.  It is listed on David Suzuki's top 12 ingredients to avoid.

http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/700741/BHT/
http://www.davidsuzuki.org/issues/health/science/toxics/dirty-dozen-cosmetic-chemicals/?gclid=CNismbS96LQCFQJx4Aod6AsAew

Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Extract: it is used as an emollient.  It is considered to be gentle and safe for use in cosmetics, you will also find it in an array of food products.  It is not considered to be toxic to humans or to the environment.

TN

Wednesday, 9 January 2013

"A woman who's smile is open and whose expression is glad has a kind of beauty, no matter what she wears"-Anne Roiphe

Wow there is a total of 37 ingredients listed on the outside of this container.  Of those 37 ingredients 22 were considered to be toxic, though in all honesty a couple were considered to be mostly irritants.  I have mentioned a product before called Nature's Aid, I will leave a link to it on this blog as well.  It has acne fighting properties which includes Tea Tree Oil which helps to get rid of the bacteria that may be causing or adding to acne.  The ingredients in this particular product will not cause any disruptions or have any toxic effects.



St. Ives Naturally Clear Apricot Scrub Blemish and Blackhead Clearing

Ingredients:

St. Ives Naturally Clear Apricot Scrub Blemish and Blackhead ClearingWater (Aqua, Eau)
Juglans Regia (Walnut) shell powder
Glyceryl Stearate SE
Propylene Glycol
Sodium Laureth Sulfate
Zea Mays (Corn) Kernel Meal
Cocomidopropyl Betaine
Cetearyl Alcohol
Triethanolaimine
Cetyl Alcohol
PEG-100 Stearate
Glyceryl Stearate
Cetyl Acetate
Phenoxyethanol
Ceteareth-20
Titanium Dioxide (CI 7789)
Polysorbate 60
Carbomer
Acetylated Lanolin Alcohol
Methylparaben
Ethylparaben
Fragrance (Parfum)
Propylparaben
Limonene
Linalool
Hexyl Cinnamal
Benzyl Salicylate
Coumarin
Sorbitol
Butylphenyl Methylpropional
Geraniol
Salix Albs Willow) Bark Extract
Sambus Nigra Flower Extract
Primula Veris Extract
Helianthus Annus Sunflower) Extract
Chamomilla Recutita (matricana) Flower Extract

Prunus Americaca (Apricot Fruit Extract

Description:


Water:  H2O, the stuff we drink.


Propylene glycol: is an organic double alcohol.  It is used as a skin conditioning agent, a fragrance, and humectant.  It is classified as a skin irritant, and can cause conjunctivitis of the eye.  It is also considered to be a mutagen, a broad systemic toxin, and an immune system toxin.

Sodium Laureth Sulfate: Used in most soaps and shampoos, it acts as a foaming agent.  It is what causes soaps and shampoos to lather.  It is known to be an irritant, though it is considered safe in small quantities, the more sodium laureth sulfate used the more irritating it becomes. It is not considered to be a carcinogen.



Cocamidopropyl betaine: is derived from the coconut oil and dimethylaminopropylamine (known environmental toxin, respiratory toxin, contact allergen).  It is used as a skin conditioning agent and a surfactant.


Cetearyl Alcohol: Is considered a fatty alcohol.  It is used as a foam boosting surfactant and an emulsion stabiliser.  In my research I found little information on its toxicity to either the environment or to humans.  Although I did find some blogs discussing it and they seemed to think it was pretty benign to  the environment.


Triethanolamine: Is used in personal care products as mainly a surfactant and emulsifier and acts as a neutraliser of fatty acids or in other words a PH balancer.  This ingredient is again pretty toxic. It is a known skin irritant and has been linked to minor to severe allergic reactions.  In research it has been linked to tumour growths in the liver of female rodents, surprisingly not in male rodents.  It is also a known toxin to aquatic species.

Cetyl Alcohol: Here is an interesting fact the name cetyl is derived from whale oil which was the original source of cetyl.  Now it is derived from petroleum or vegetable oils such as coconut.  It is used in personal care products as a thickening agent or in shampoos as an emulsifier.  In my research, there seemed to be very little information on the toxicity of cetyl alcohol, on either the environment, animals or humans.  The only information I found was the evidence of skin irritations and minor allergies causing rashes.  Most information seemed to deem cetyl alcohol safe to use and practically non toxic.


PEG 100 Sterate: Wow another awesome ingredient.  PEG 100 Sterate is created by combining natural oils with stearic acid.  It is used as an emulsifier and a moisturiser as well as a cleaning agent in shampoos.  Now this is where it becomes nasty.  Never use on broken skin as it has been shown to cause kidney toxicity when used in a antimicrobial cream.  It has also been liked to cancer of the breasts and uterine, leukaemia and brain cancer due to impurities found in it such a ethylene oxide.  There are also warnings regarding reproductive toxicity, organ system toxicity and skin irritations.  My goodness what on earth are we doing to ourselves?


Glyceryl Stearate SE: is the vegetable derived glyceryl ester from stearic acid, combined with potassium stearate also known as potassium salts.  It is a surfactant and an emulsifying agent.  There appears to be low toxicity from this product and is seen to be relatively gentle for both humans and the environment.


Cetyl Acetate: is a mixture of cetyl alcohol and acetic acid.  It is used as a skin-conditioning agent and emollient.   Though there is some environmental concerns regarding this product, it appears to be overall a mild and non-toxic ingredient,


Phenoxyethanol: Is another fairly new ingredient, it is a glycol either and is used as a bactericide.  It is generally considered safer then the traditional formaldehyde releasing agents, however the FDA has stated that it can depress the central nervous system which could cause vomiting, diarrhea and can cause dehydration in infants.  There have been concerns of this product being carcinogenic due to the ingredients it is derived from.


Ceteareth-20: is the polyethelene glycol ether or cetearyl alcohol. It is used as a surfactant, cleansing agent and a stabiliser.  There is a lot of concern surrounding this ingredient due to it being contaminated with 1,4 dioxine and ethelene oxide.  Both of which are known toxins and carcinogens.  It is also known to increase the skins ability to absorb.  This makes it possible for other toxic ingredients to make its way into the body.  As well, be sure not to use skin care with this ingredient on it on broken skin.

http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/701225/CETEARETH-20/
http://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/ceteareth-20

Titanium dioxide: is derived from titanium and oxygen.  It is used to impart whiteness in personal care products and absorbs or reflects light which helps to protect the product from deterioration.  It is considered to be a medium health priority, with limited evidence of it being a carcinogen.  Some studies have shown it to be a positive mutagen.


Polysorbate 60: there are a number of polysorbates, they are all hydrophilic non ionic surfactants.  They are derived from sorbitol. Some research has shown that in large doses it can cause detrimental reproductive effects, organ toxicity and cancer. Cabomer: is not actually one molecule but refers to polymers made from acrylic acid.  It is used in creams and beauty products as a thickening agent and controls the flow of the product.  This ingredient has been labelled as safe and has a low potential for skin irritations, allergic reactions, photo toxicity and sensitization.


Acetylated Lanolin Alcohol: Also known as sheep alcohol.   It is made from lanolin and reacted with acetic acid and lye.  It is used as an emollient but it has very strong acne fighting properties.  It is not considered to be toxic and is relatively non irritating.

http://www.cosmeticsinfo.org/ingredient_more_details.php?ingredient_id=434

Methylparaben: is found in such foods as blueberries.  It acts as an antimicrobial agent.  In cosmetics it is used as an anti-fungal agent.  Parabens have had much controversy surrounding them in recent years, and for good reason.  There is strong evidence of methylparaben being a human skin toxicant, human endocrine disruptor, mutagenic, and a broad systemic toxin.  A good reason to stay away from parabens.



Ethylparaben: is again used as a preservative and is part of the parabens family.  It also mimics estrogen.  It like the other parabens, is classified as an endocrine disruptor, a broad systemic toxin, a mutagen, and a developmental and reproductive toxin.  It is also listed as capable of causing contact hives by immunological pathogenetic mechanism.

Parfum (Fragrance):  Used to make the product smell nice.  Though it is not considered to be harmful or a toxin, it does cause some individuals to develop headaches if it is labelled that it is derived from natural sources. However, the fragrance industry uses up to 3000 ingredients, most of which are synthetic, some 900 of which were identified as toxic. However, the industry is not required to disclose ingredients of fragrances and perfumes on their labels due to trade secrecy considerations. So you don't know what mix of chemicals you are receiving. Some of them are headaches causing, immunosystem toxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic.

Propylparaben:  Like the other parabens this one is also used as a preservative.  It also mimics estrogen.  It is classified as an endocrine disruptor, a broad systemic toxin, a mutagen, and a developmental and reproductive toxin.  Yikes!


Limonene: is a colourless liquid hydrocarbon (compound consisting of hydrogen and carbon) and is  classified as a cyclic terpene.  It takes its name from the lemon or lemon rind, which contains considerable amounts of this compound, which contributes to their odour of citrus or oranges.  Thus it is used as a fragrance ingredient.  It is considered to be a skin irritant as well as a respiratory irritant.  There have been studies showing it causes tumours in small rodents but it appears that scientists are interested in its anti-cancer fighting properties.


Linalool:  Is a naturally occurring terpene alcohol found in a number of spice plants and flowers.  It is used as a masking agent and perfume.  It is also used as an insecticide.

Linalool gradually breaks down when in contact with oxygen, forming an oxidized by-product that may cause allergic reactions such as eczema in some individuals.  It is also considered to be a broad systemic toxin, a mutagen, and a human immune system toxin.

Hexyl Cinnamal:  Is a natural fragrance additive.  It is a known allergen and irritant.   It can also cause central nervous system disruption as well as skin, eye and respiratory tract irritation.   It can also trigger asthma attacks.

Benzyl Salicylate:  
it is an ester of salicylic acid of benzoyl alcohol.  It is used as a masking and fragrance agent.  It is a known allergen and immune system toxin.  It has also been linked to contact dermatitis.  It is considered to be an environmental toxin, though not suspected of being bioaccumulative.  It is also an endocrine disruptor (hormone disruptor).
http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/700701/BENZYL_SALICYLATE/


Coumarin:  Is a natural organic chemical compound found in plants such as the tonka bean and vanilla grass.  It is part of the benzopyrone family.  It has highly toxic properties and has been linked to kidney and liver toxicity, as well as a bleeding disease called 'sweet clover disease'.   

Sorbitol: Is also known as glucitol.  It is a sugar alcohol and found in a lot gum and food products.  In personal care products it is used as a thickening agent as well as a skin conditioning agent.  When ingested it can cause diarrhea and flatulence.  In more severe cases it can have substantial negative effects.  However, when used in personal care products like soaps, shampoos and such, it is deemed to be of low toxicity and is considered safe to use.


Butylphenyl Methylpropional: Is a synthetic fragrance.  It is considered to be a skin irritant, its use is restricted in both leave-on and wash-off products because of its powerful sensitisation potential.  There have been studies suggesting that it can cause sperm damage and negative central nervous system effects. 


Geraniol: is a lipid and an alcohol.  It is derived from citronella oil, rose oil and palmarosa oil.  It is used in cosmetics and personal care products as a fragrance ingredient.  It is a known human immune system toxicant and is one of the EU's Banned and Restricted Fragrances.  Now as I write this I want to make it clear that the information surrounding this seems pretty limited.  The most information I have found against this ingredient is that it is an allergen for those who suffer from perfumes.  I am not sure who it was that funded the banned list and why citronella was on it.  However I will keep looking.  As far as my research has lead, it appears to be a fairly good ingredient, unlike a lot of the chemical ones that appear on most labels.  If anyone has any other thoughts, enlightenment or information on this ingredient, please leave a comment.


Salix Albs(Willow) Bark Extract:  Is a species of Willow located in Europe, and Central and Western Asia.  It is used as a skin conditioning agent, tonic, and an astringent.  There is some evidence that it may cause non-reproductive organ system damage.

http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/705749/SALIX_ALBA_(WHITE_WILLOW)_BARK_EXTRACT/

Sambus Nigra Flower Extract:  Is also known as elderberry.  It is used as a skin conditioning agent and a tonic.  It appears to be relatively safe and not considered to be toxic to humans or to the environment.


Primula Veris Extract:  It is also known as 'cowslip'  It is also used as a skin conditioning agent.  It does not appear to be toxic to humans or to the environment.


Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Extract: it is used as an emollient.  It is considered to be gentle and safe for use in cosmetics, you will also find it in an array of food products.  It is not considered to be toxic to humans or to the environment.


Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract: is also known as chamomile and is a relative of ragweed, people with ragweed allergies may have sensitivities towards chamomile.  It has many interesting healing properties.  it is a bactericide, anti-inflammatory and anti-mutagenic as well as antimicrobial. 


Prunus Americaca (Apricot) Fruit Extract:  Also known as 'apricot'.  It is used as a skin conditioning agent.  It does not appear to be toxic to humans or to the environment.