TRESemme Heat Tamer Spray
Water (Aqua, Eau)
Water: H2O, the stuff we drink.
Amodimethicone: is a silicone polymer. It is used as a conditioning agent, and a detangler. It is generally considered to be safe mostly because of the size of the polymer, making it hard to penetrate past the skin. However, it is a known contact irritant as well as an eye irritant.
Glycerin: is pretty benign and of low toxicity. It is used in products mainly because it is affective at improving the smoothness of the product and is a good lubricant. Glycerin is a byproduct of bio-diesel. However, all you vegans take note. This form is very expensive, therefore it is more often derived from animal fats such as beef and vegetable oils such as coconut or soy beans. Therefore some products that list glycerin in their ingredients may not be vegan.
Panthanol: is the alcohol analog of pantothenic acid (Vitamin B5) this means it is the provitamin of B5. It is used as an emollient and a moisturizer. Vegans beware, this product can be either plant derived or animal derived. It is considered to be of low toxicity, and not an environmental toxin.
Hydrolyzed Silk: is the natural lipids from palm oil combined with natural silk amino acids or protein. It is used in personal care products because it is a great conditioning agent as well as having antioxidant properties. It is generally considered to be non-toxic and safe for the environment.
Tocopheryl Acetate: is also known as vitamin E acetate. It is used in skin care as an antioxidant, and a skin conditioning agent. According to some studies, it has shown to be mutagenic, a broad systemic toxin, as well has human skin toxin.
Biotin: is also known as vitamin H or coenzyme R. It is not considered to be toxic to humans or the environment. Even in higher than nutritionally recommended it did not display adverse affects. It is used in shampoos and conditioners to aid in maintaining healthy hair.
Niacinamide: also known as niacinamide and nicotinic acid amide, is the amide of nicotinic acid (vitamin B3 / niacin). It is a water-soluble vitamin and part of the vitamin B family. It is a known liver toxin. It has also been known to cause, gout, ulcers of the digestive tract, loss of vision, high blood sugar, irregular heartbeat, and other serious problems.
Ascorbic Acid: is also known as vitamin c. It is high in anti-oxidants. It is generally considered to be safe. However if too much is taken it can lead to the absorption of too much iron, upset stomach kidney stones and diarrhea. That is more referring to individuals who are taking oral supplements though. It is used in personal care products for its antioxidant properties.
PEG-12 Dimethicone: is a silicone-based polymer. It is used in products as a lubricant, conditioning agent, emulsifier as well as a foaming agent. Due to the process of making this ingredient it can contain harmful impurities, including: Ethylene Oxide, known to increase the incidences of uterine and breast cancers and of leukemia and brain cancer. It has also been linked to kidney toxicity when used on broken skin.
Propylene glycol: is an organic double alcohol. It is used as a skin conditioning agent, a fragrance, and humectant. It is classified as a skin irritant, and can cause conjunctivitis of the eye. It is also considered to be a mutagen, a broad systemic toxin, and an immune system toxin.
PVP: is also called povidone or polyvinylpyrrolidone, and is a polymer. Yes, it can be found in more than just a pair of pants. It is used as a binding agent in products. It is considered to be safe to use, and of fairly low toxicity. It does not appear to be a contact toxin, developmental toxin or a genotoxin.
Polysorbate 20: is a sorbitol that has been treated with ethylene oxide. It is used as an emulsifier, a fragrance and a surfactant. In most studies it is defined as being of low toxicity. However ethylene oxide is a known carcinogen. Other concerns are endocrine disruption, organ toxicity, skin irritation and in high doses reproductive and developmental toxicity.
Cetrimonium Chloride: are quaternary ammonium salts. This means that they are positively charged polyatomic ions (made up of two or more atoms). It is used in hair care products to help eliminate static electricity. There appears to be very little information on the toxicity of this ingredient. What I have found so far appears to imply that there is little toxicity suspected in this ingredient. However I will continue my research.
Lactic Acid: is a carboxylic acid. It has a hydroxyl group adjacent to the carboxyl group, making it an alpha hydroxy acid. It is used to adjust acidity in products, as an anti-bacterial agent as well as a descaler. It is considered to be non-toxic and safe for the environment.
Triethanolamine: Is used in personal care products as mainly a surfactant and emulsifier and acts as a neutralizer of fatty acids or in other words a PH balancer. This ingredient is again pretty toxic. It is a known skin irritant and has been linked to minor to severe allergic reactions. In research it has been linked to tumor growths in the liver of female rodents, surprisingly not in male rodents. It is also a known toxin to aquatic species.
DMDM Hydantoin: is an antimicrobial formaldehyde releaser preservative, basically what this means is it releases formaldehyde making the environment less favorable to the microorganisms. It has been prohibited in Japan for certain cosmetic products. It is a known human irritant, it is considered to be a broad systemic toxin. However it has been deemed safe by industry panel because the amount of formaldehyde is so small. Formaldehyde is also a cancer causing agent.