Clean & Clear Morning Burst Purifying Facial Cleanser by Johnson &Johnson
Water: H2O, the stuff we drink.
Acrylates copolymer: belongs to the group of polymers or in other words plastic. Acrylates copolymer are structured after acrylic acid which consists of vinyls. They appear to be of low toxicity and are considered minor irritants. However this ingredient is prone to impurities that have raised safety concerns. Some of these impurities may include acrylic acid and methacrylic acid. In soaps and shampoos it is used as a suspending agent, anti-static agent and a humidity protectant.
Isoceteth-20: is a polyethylene ether of isocetyl alcohol. It is used as an emulsifying agent a surfactant. This ingredient does not appear to have been detected in human tissue or urine. From my research it appears to be of low toxicity, does not appear to be an environmental toxin, and is not bioaccumulative or persistent.
Mannitol: this is a sugar alcohol and is used extensively in the medical field. It is used as an osmotic diuretic (inhibits the reabsorption of water and Na) and a renal vasodilator (widens the blood vessels). In cosmetics it is used as a skin hydrator. This ingredient is quite interesting in all it's uses and for those that are interested, worth reading about further. There appears to be some discrepancy with this product. In some studies, it appears to be of low toxicity, causing minor irritation of skin and eyes. In other studies according to RTECH, it shows evidence of it being a mutagen.
Sodium hydroxide: is also known as lye or caustic soda. As the name suggests it is very caustic which means it burns. It can cause death if swallowed and blindness if comes in contact with eyes. In personal care products it is used as a pH balancer and a buffering agent. It is considered to be mutagenic, a broad systemic toxin, a respiratory toxin, and is considered to be a strong workplace/occupational hazard.
Disodium EDTA: is a polyamino carboxylic acid. In cosmetics it is used to improve stability towards air. However, it has come under fire of late for being a known persistent organic pollutant. As well, it is considered to be both a genotoxin and a cytotoxin. It has also been known to cause developmental and reproductive effects.
Menthyl lactate: is used as a cooling agent and fragrance. As the name suggests it is a derivative of menthol. It is considered to be safe and of low toxicity.
Methylparaben: is found in such foods as blueberries. It acts as an antimicrobial agent. In cosmetics it is used as an anti-fungal agent. Parabens have had much controversy surrounding them in recent years, and for good reason. There is strong evidence of methylparaben being a human skin toxicant, human endocrine disruptor, mutagenic, and a broad systemic toxin. A good reason to stay away from parabens.
Citric acid: This is in many skin care products especially in the anti-aging products as an alpha hydroxy. It acts as a chelating agent, fragrance ingredient, a pH adjuster, buffer and masking. It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, but there are concerns with broad systemic toxicity and skin irritation.
Propylparaben: Like the other parabens this one is also used as a preservative. It also mimics estrogen. It is classified as an endocrine disrupter, a broad systemic toxin, a mutagen, and a developmental and reproductive toxin. Yikes!
Ethylparaben: is again used as a preservative and is part of the parabens family. It also mimics estrogen. It like the other parabens, is classified as an endocrine disrupter, a broad systemic toxin, a mutagen, and a developmental and reproductive toxin. It is also listed as capable of causing contact hives by immunological pathogenetic mechanism.
Cellulose: is the structural component of the cell wall in green plants. It is sometimes used as a bulking agent, and a viscosity agent, though in different forms it is used for other purposes as well. It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, a mutagen. Overall it appears to be considered safe.
Menthol: is an organic compound made synthetically from peppermint or other types of mint oils. It is used as a local anesthetic, counterirritant and a cooling agent, and fragrance. It appears to be of low toxicity and is considered to be overall safe.
Acrylytes/ammonium methacrylate copolymer: is used as a binder, film former, and an antistatic agent. There is little information on this ingredient, however it seems relatively safe. It has not been detected in human tissue or urine.
Sodium asorbyl phosphate: is a new product and is a derivative of vitamin C. It is a strong antioxidant and is used to treat acne, stimulate collagen and whiten skin. Though it is considered to be a mild skin irritant, it is not mutagenic, a carcinogen or considered to be an environmental toxin.
Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose: is a film former, surfactant and binder. It is derived from green plants. It appears to be relatively safe. It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, a mutagenic or a carcinogen.
Retinyl palmitate: is used in cosmetics as a skin conditioning agent. It is a known human reproductive toxin, carcinogen, mutagen and broad spectrum toxin. I am going to add a link to the environmental working group for those that have heard the ongoing debate about retinyl palmitate and want to look into information further. http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/705545/RETINYL_PALMITATE_(VITAMIN_A_PALMITATE)/
Tocopheryl acetate: is also known as vitamin E acetate. It is used in skin care as an antioxidant, and a skin conditioning agent. According to some studies, it has shown to be mutagenic, a broad systemic toxin, as well has human skin toxin.
Triethyl citrate: is an ester of citric acid. It is used as a deodorizer, antioxidant, and masking. This ingredient does not appear to be an environmental toxin, or appear to be bioaccumulative or persistent. There is little to suggest that it is harmful to humans, it does not seem to be a carcinogen or a mutagen.
Magnesium aspartate: is the magnesium salt of asperartic acid. It is used as a binding agent, and to aid in the transportation of minerals to the skin cells. There is very limited research done on magnesium aspartate in cosmetics. It has not been assessed for safety in cosmetics by industrial panel.
Zinc gluconate: is a zinc salt of gluconic acid. It is used as a skin conditioning agent and a biocide (kills odor and bacteria). This product meets or exceeds criteria for toxicity and persistence under Canadian Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics list. It is suspected of being an environmental toxin, a respiratory toxin, an immune system toxin. There is also limited evidence of it being a reproductive toxin and a broad systemic toxin.
I understand that all of this is pretty overwhelming and one could say that everything causes cancer these days. The idea is to be aware of what we are putting on our skin and the skin of our kids, small amounts may be deemed safe, like x-rays. A small amount of x-rays won't cause harm and are even benefical. However, if you had an x-ray everyday what would happen.....?
I am going to add a link to a product if anyone is interested in researching into a different, alternative or safer product. It is called Nature's Aid. It is made with simple and safe ingredients, and helps with acne among other things. It may not work as quickly as the chemical products, but for those that are interested in a more natural product it might be worth looking into.