Sunday, 19 August 2012

Clean & Clear Morning Burst Purifying Facial Cleanser by Johnson &Johnson

I have a teenage step-daughter at home.  When I started this blog she asked me to look into some of the products that she uses on a regular basis.  I was shocked at what I had found out while researching this particular product.  Some of the ingredients, well most of the ingredients actually are really quite harmful.  One in fact has a warning on it that woman of child-bearing age should not use at all due to the fact that it causes birth defects.  I wonder at how companies could knowingly put this ingredient in their products and market it especially to young women and women who are of child-bearing age.  I am a firm believer that the buyer should be aware of the products that they buy, however when faced with long lists of ingredients on most products it becomes a little bit overwhelming.  I hope that this may make it a bit easier for parents and young people who are purchasing their products to have a better idea of what they are in fact getting.
  
Clean & Clear Morning Burst Purifying Facial Cleanser by Johnson &Johnson

Ingredients:
Water (eau)
Sodium laureth sulfate
Glycerin
Acrylates copolymer
Cocamidopropyl betaine
Phenoxyethanol
Polysorbate 20
Isoceteth-20
Mannitol
Sodium hydroxide
 Clean & Clear Morning Burst Purifying Facial Cleanser by Johnson &Johnson
Disodium EDTA
Menthyl lactate
Methylparaben
Citric acid
Propylparaben
Ethylparaben
Cellulose
Menthol
Acrylytes/ammonium methacrylate copolymer
Sodium asorbyl phosphate
Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose
Retinyl palmitate
Tocopheryl acetate
Triethyl citrate
Magnesium aspartate
Zinc gluconate
Copper gluconate
Corallina officianalis extract
Propylene glycol
Mica
Titanium dioxide
Iron oxides
Talc
Chromium hydroxide green
Ultramarines
Parfum

Description:
Water:  H2O, the stuff we drink.

Sodium Laureth Sulfate: Used in most soaps and shampoos, it acts as a foaming agent.  It is what causes soaps and shampoos to lather.  It is known to be an irritant, though it is considered safe in small quantities, the more sodium laureth sulfate used the more irritating it becomes. It is not considered to be a carcinogen.  

Glycerin: is considered safe and of low toxicity.  It is used in products because it is affective at improving the smoothness of the product and is a good lubricant.  Glycerin is a byproduct of bio-diesel.  However, all you vegans take note.  Glycerin produced from bio-diesel is very expensive, so it is more often derived from animal fats such as beef and vegetable oils such as coconut or soy beans.  Therefore some products that list glycerin in their ingredients may not be vegan.

Acrylates copolymer: belongs to the group of polymers or in other words plastic.  Acrylates copolymer are structured after acrylic acid which consists of vinyls.  They appear to be of low toxicity and are considered minor irritants.  However this ingredient is prone to impurities that have raised safety concerns.  Some of these impurities may include acrylic acid and methacrylic acid. In soaps and shampoos it is used as a suspending agent,  anti-static agent and a humidity protectant.

Cocamidopropyl betaine: is derived from the coconut oil and dimethylaminopropylamine (known environmental toxin, respiratory toxin, contact allergen).  It is used as a skin conditioning agent and a surfactant.

Phenoxyethanol: Is a fairly new ingredient, it is a glycol either and is used as a bactericide.  It is generally considered safer then the traditional formaldehyde releasing agents, however the FDA has stated that it can depress the central nervous system which could cause vomiting, diarrhea and can cause dehydration in infants.  There have been concerns of this product being carcinogenic due to the ingredients it is derived from.

Polysorbate 20: is a sorbitol that has been treated with ethylene oxide.  It is used as an emulsifier, a fragrance and a surfactant.  In most studies it is defined as being of low toxicity.  However ethylene oxide is a known carcinogen.  Other concerns are endocrine disruption, organ toxicity, skin irritation and in high doses reproductive and developmental toxicity.

Isoceteth-20: is a polyethylene ether of isocetyl alcohol.  It is used as an emulsifying agent a surfactant. This ingredient does not appear to have been detected in human tissue or urine.  From my research it appears to be of low toxicity, does not appear to be an environmental toxin, and is not bioaccumulative or persistent.

Mannitol: this is a sugar alcohol and is used extensively in the medical field.  It is used as an osmotic diuretic (inhibits the reabsorption of water and Na) and a renal vasodilator (widens the blood vessels). In cosmetics it is used as a skin hydrator.  This ingredient is quite interesting in all it's uses and for those that are interested, worth reading about further.  There appears to be some discrepancy with this product.  In some studies, it appears to be of low toxicity, causing minor irritation of skin and eyes.  In other studies according to RTECH, it shows evidence of it being a mutagen.

Sodium hydroxide: is also known as lye or caustic soda.  As the name suggests it is very caustic which means it burns.  It can cause death if swallowed and blindness if comes in contact with eyes.  In personal care products it is used as a pH balancer and a buffering agent.  It is considered to be  mutagenic, a broad systemic toxin, a respiratory toxin, and is considered to be a strong workplace/occupational hazard.

Disodium EDTA: is a polyamino carboxylic acid. In cosmetics it is used to improve stability towards air. However, it has come under fire of late for being a known persistent organic pollutant.  As well, it is considered to be both a genotoxin and a cytotoxin.  It has also been known to cause developmental and reproductive effects.

Menthyl lactate: is used as a cooling agent and fragrance.  As the name suggests it is a derivative of menthol.  It is considered to be safe and of low toxicity.

Methylparaben: is found in such foods as blueberries.  It acts as an antimicrobial agent.  In cosmetics it is used as an anti-fungal agent.  Parabens have had much controversy surrounding them in recent years, and for good reason.  There is strong evidence of methylparaben being a human skin toxicant, human endocrine disruptor, mutagenic, and a broad systemic toxin.  A good reason to stay away from parabens.

Citric acid: This is in many skin care products especially in the anti-aging products as an alpha hydroxy.  It acts as a chelating agent, fragrance ingredient, a pH adjuster, buffer and masking.  It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, but there are concerns with broad systemic toxicity and skin irritation.

Propylparaben:  Like the other parabens this one is also used as a preservative.  It also mimics estrogen.  It is classified as an endocrine disrupter, a broad systemic toxin, a mutagen, and a developmental and reproductive toxin.  Yikes!

Ethylparaben: is again used as a preservative and is part of the parabens family.  It also mimics estrogen.  It like the other parabens, is classified as an endocrine disrupter, a broad systemic toxin, a mutagen, and a developmental and reproductive toxin.  It is also listed as capable of causing contact hives by immunological pathogenetic mechanism.

Cellulose: is the structural component of the cell wall in green plants.  It is sometimes used as a bulking agent, and a viscosity agent, though in different forms it is used for other purposes as well.  It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, a mutagen.  Overall it appears to be considered safe.

 Menthol: is an organic compound made synthetically from peppermint or other types of mint oils.  It is used as a local anesthetic, counterirritant and a cooling agent, and fragrance.  It appears to be of low toxicity and is considered to be overall safe.

Acrylytes/ammonium methacrylate copolymer:  is used as a binder, film former, and an antistatic agent.  There is little information on this ingredient, however it seems relatively safe.  It has not been detected in human tissue or urine.

Sodium asorbyl phosphate: is a new product and is a derivative of vitamin C.  It is a strong antioxidant  and is used to treat acne, stimulate collagen and whiten skin.  Though it is considered to be a mild skin irritant, it is not mutagenic, a carcinogen or considered to be an environmental toxin.

Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose: is a film former, surfactant and binder.  It is derived from green plants.  It appears to be relatively safe.  It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, a mutagenic or a carcinogen.

Retinyl palmitate: is used in cosmetics as a skin conditioning agent.  It is a known human reproductive toxin, carcinogen, mutagen and broad spectrum toxin.  I am going to add a link to the environmental working group for those that have heard the ongoing debate about retinyl palmitate and want to look into information further. http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/705545/RETINYL_PALMITATE_(VITAMIN_A_PALMITATE)/

Tocopheryl acetate: is also known as vitamin E acetate.  It is used in skin care as an antioxidant, and a skin conditioning agent.  According to some studies, it has shown to be mutagenic, a broad systemic toxin, as well has human skin toxin.

Triethyl citrate: is an ester of citric acid.  It is used as a deodorizer, antioxidant, and masking.  This ingredient does not appear to be an environmental toxin, or appear to be bioaccumulative or persistent.  There is little to suggest that it is harmful to humans, it does not seem to be a carcinogen or a mutagen.

Magnesium aspartate: is the magnesium salt of asperartic acid. It is used as a binding agent, and to aid in the transportation of minerals to the skin cells.  There is very limited research done on magnesium aspartate in cosmetics.  It has not been assessed for safety in cosmetics by industrial panel.  

Zinc gluconate: is a zinc salt of gluconic acid.  It is used as a skin conditioning agent and a biocide (kills odor and bacteria).  This product meets or exceeds criteria for toxicity and persistence under Canadian Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics list.  It is suspected of being an environmental toxin, a respiratory toxin, an immune system toxin.  There is also limited evidence of it being a reproductive toxin and a broad systemic toxin.

Copper gluconate: is a coper salt of gluconic acid.  It is used a s skin conditioning agent and a skin protectant. This product also meets or exceeds criteria for toxicity and persistence under Canadian Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics list.  It is suspected of being an environmental toxin, a respiratory toxin, and a kidney toxin.

Corallina officianalis extract: is a calcareous red seaweed.  It is used as a thickener, emollient and an antioxidant.  It is not considered to be toxic to the environment or to humans.

Propylene glycol: is an organic double alcohol.  It is used as a skin conditioning agent, a fragrance, and humectant.  It is classified as a skin irritant, and can cause conjunctivitis of the eye.  It is also considered to be a mutagen, a broad systemic toxin, and an immune system toxin.

Mica: is a mineral found in the ground, it is generally used as a colorant.  It is considered to be an occupational hazard material.  When construction workers use it they (as good practice) wear mask to prevent the inhalation of the material, as it is a respiratory toxin and can cause scarring in lungs.  There is also limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicity.  It is not considered to be an environmental toxin or a carcinogen.

Titanium dioxide: is derived from titanium and oxygen.  It is used to impart whiteness in personal care products and absorbs or reflects light which helps to protect the product from deterioration.  It is considered to be a medium health priority, with limited evidence of it being a carcinogen.  Some studies have shown it to be a positive mutagen.

Iron oxides: are chemical compounds of iron and oxygen.  Rust is a common iron oxide.  There are 16 all together.  It is used in personal care and cosmetic products as a colorant.  It is suspected to be a respiratory toxic hazard if one inhaled iron oxide powder, other than that it does not appear to be a carcinogen, a mutagen or an environmental toxin.  Overall it does not appear to be of harm or significant toxicity.

talc: is a mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate  Talc has been under a lot of controversy in recent years due to it containing fibers which are very similar to those of asbestos (a known carcinogen)
Though talc sold today is supposed to be free of these fibers, and is monitored by the FDA.  However, there is still discrepancies in studies with some showing no signs of tumors in small test animals and other studies showing positive results of tumors.  It is still considered by some to be a cause for ovarian cancer in some woman.

Chromium hydroxide green: As the name suggests, it is used as a colorant in products.  Though it is suggested to be an environmental toxin, it appears to be relatively safe for human usage.  It does not appear to be carcinogenic.   

Ultramarines: are mineral derived blue pigments composed of sodium, aluminum, silicate, and sulfate.  This product may also be made synthetically.  Beware of FD&C and D&C colors which are known carcinogens.  Buyer beware, pigments are also derived from animals and insects.  This ingredient may not be vegan.  There is limited testing done on this property, though it appears to be of low environmental or human toxicity.
  
parfum: Used to make the product smell nice.  Though it is not considered to be harmful or a toxin, it does cause some individuals to develop headaches.

I understand that all of this is pretty overwhelming and one could say that everything causes cancer these days.  The idea is to be aware of what we are putting on our skin and the skin of our kids, small amounts may be deemed safe, like x-rays.  A small amount of x-rays won't cause harm and are even benefical.  However, if you had an x-ray everyday what would happen.....?

I am going to add a link to a product if anyone is interested in researching into a different, alternative or safer product.  It is called Nature's Aid.  It is made with simple and safe ingredients, and helps with acne among other things.  It may not work as quickly as the chemical products, but for those that are interested in a more natural product it might be worth looking into.
http://www.naturesaid.ca/














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