Thursday, 30 August 2012

Green Works Dishwashing Liquid Natural Original by Clorox

Well, after using Sunlight dish soap and having my hands turn into something out of a creepy horror movie I switched back to Green Works.  I used to use this soap all the time, I mistakenly assumed that the ingredients would be glorious and green and of fair trade.  Call it naivety or what you will, I didn't really have the time to question this new green movement or the idea that some companies would hope on the band wagon only to green-wash consumers.  After reading the label for this blog I was rather sad to see Clorox using this method of green-washing instead of stating clearly their ingredients.  If the ingredients really are green why hide it?  Now saying that, my research has shown that their ingredients are not too terrible.  They are at least on the right track, that is at least a start right?  Although there is still the moral question of the corn-based ethanols and biodegradable preservatives whatever they may be.


Green Works Dishwashing Liquid Natural Original by Clorox
Ingredients:
Green Works Dishwashing Liquid Natural Original by CloroxFiltered Water
Coconut-based cleaning agents (anionic and nonionic surfactants, Alkyl polyglucoside, sodium lauryl sulfate, cocodimethyl amine oxide)
glycerin
corn based ethanol
biodegradable preservative and citric acid

Description:
Filtered Water: water that has been passed through a device which removes any impurities from the water.
Anionic surfactant: Surfactants lower the surface tension of a liquid.  It also acts as an emulsifier, foaming agent or detergent.  What coconut based anionic means is the negative charge the surfactants have.  On the bottle it has been 'green-washed' to give the illusion that it is safe because it comes from coconuts.  However, anionic surfactants are all known to be an ecotoxin, no matter what the original source may be.  They also tend to be carcinogenic due to being contaminated with other chemicals.  There has also been a study suggesting that they are also genotoxic.
http://mutage.oxfordjournals.org/content/19/6/441.full.pdf

nonionic surfactants: is a surfactant that is not sensitive to water hardness. It has non-charged hydrophilic part.

Alkyl polyglucoside: are non ionic surfactants and re derived from sugars and fatty acids.  It is created by reacting corn starch with a fatty alcohol to produce a highly biodegradable surfactant.  It is a fairly new product and did not really hit the market until the nineties.  Finding information was pretty hard.  However, it appears to be environmentally sound.  It does not appear to be a hormone disruptor either, nor a hazard to pregnant woman and their embryo.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17363127

sodium lauryl sulfate: Used in most soaps and shampoos, it acts as a foaming agent.  It is what causes soaps and shampoos to lather.  It is known to be an irritant, though it is considered safe in small quantities, the more sodium laureth sulfate used the more irritating it becomes. It is not considered to be a carcinogen.  However there is some controversy surrounding this ingredient because it may be contaminated with potentially toxic manufacturing impurities such as 1,4-dioxane, which is a known carcinogen.

cocodimethyl amine oxide: Does not appear to be a hazard to the environment.  According to some studies this product is expected to biodegrade and has a limited potential for bioaccumulation.  There is also little apparent risk to human health.  It does not appear to be a carcinogen or a mutagen.  Nor does it appear to have reproductive toxicity.  However it is an irritant to skin and eyes.  

glycerin: is pretty benign and of low toxicity.  It is used in products mainly because it is affective at improving the smoothness of the product and is a good lubricant.  Glycerin is a byproduct of bio-diesel.  However, all you vegans take note.  This form is very expensive, therefore it is more often derived from animal fats such as beef and vegetable oils such as coconut or soy beans. Therefore some products that list glycerin in their ingredients may not be vegan.

corn based ethanol:  There has been a lot of controversy surrounding this product for a number of reasons.  One being the fact that it drives up the cost of corn by increasing demand.  In the States ethanol is made using yellow corn, which drove up the prices.  In response farmers switched to white corn causing the price of white corn to double.  White corn is also the main ingredient in Tortillas in Mexico, thus making the base of most foods in Mexico almost unaffordable.  They are also concerned about the amount of pesticides being used as well as the direct and indirect land use changes.  Now on the upside of corn-based ethanol, there has been a 20% reduction in green house gas emissions compared to gasoline 

biodegradable preservative:  are used to replace Tetrasodium EDTA.  often used in combination with citric acid to give a better result.  I am not too sure which one Clorox used in their product because they didn't state which one, so I can not know if it is actually harmful or not........ 

citric acid: This is in many products.  it is used in combination with some 'biodegradable perservatives' to increase it's preservation results.  It also acts as a chelating agent, fragrance ingredient, a pH adjuster, buffer and masking.  It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, but there are concerns with broad systemic toxicity and skin irritation.


 

Monday, 27 August 2012

Sunlight - Lemon fresh Dish Soap


I have, in the past, rotated between numerous dish soaps, most of which were the 'green' brands.  However, the accumulation of dirty dishes and lack of soap lead us to make a rash decision to purchase what was on sale.    After a day of cleaning, doing dishes and wiping down counters I noticed the condition of my hands.  Raw, dry and really rough.  One of the biggest indicators of age is a persons hands.  Right now I look to be three times my age.  Not sure if the sale price is worth the cost.  No, that's not entirely true.  My hasty decision verses purchasing a product that in all honesty, isn't that much more won't happen again.


Sunlight - Lemon fresh

Dish Soap
Sunlight - Lemon fresh
Ingredients:
Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate

Sodium laureth sulfate
Cocamidopropyl betaine
Magnesium sulfate
Alcohol denate
Sodium xylene sulfonate

Description:
Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate: belongs to the sulfate group, giving the material the amphiphilic properties required of a detergent. It is derived from coconut and palm oils, and is a found in many domestic cleaning products.  It does not appear to be a carcinogen, or a reproductive/developmental toxin mainly due to the lack of information.  However it is considered to be a respiratory toxin, mutagenic and a severe skin irritant.  Prolonged usage can also cause targeted organ damage. 


Sodium Laureth Sulfate: Used in most soaps and shampoos, it acts as a foaming agent.  It is what causes soaps and shampoos to lather.  It is known to be an irritant, though it is considered safe in small quantities, the more sodium laureth sulfate used the more irritating it becomes. It is not considered to be a carcinogen.  However there is some controversy surrounding this ingredient because it may be contaminated with potentially toxic manufacturing impurities such as 1,4-dioxane, which is a known carcinogen.

Cocamidopropyl betaine: Cocamidopropyl betaine is a derivate of cocamide and glycine betaine.  It is used as a surfactant as well as a cleaning agent.  It is suspected to be an environmental toxin but not bio accumulative.  It is also a known human immuno toxin.  It mainly affects the skin, eyes and respiratory system.  There appears to be little information on whether it is mutagenic.

Magnesium sulfate: Is an inorganic salt consisting of magnesium, sulfur and oxygen. Otis also known as Epsom Salts.  It does not appear to pose much of a risk to either the environment or to humans at reasonable levels.  It does not plead to be a carcinogen or a mutatagen. 


Alcohol Denate: Is added to ingredients to make it taste bad and render it undrinkable. If it is consumed it can cause blindness or death if it contains methanol. To help prevent this, denatonium is often added to the substance to make it taste extremely bitter. Substances such emetic (vomiting) agents such as syrup of ipecac may also be included as well.


Sodium xylene sulfonate: It is considered an organic compound that increases the ability of water to dissolve other molecules. Because of Sodium Xylene Sulfonate's dissolving abilities, Is not considered to e an environmental toxin.  It does not appear to be persistent or bio accumulative.  Though it is considered to be safe for humans, some studies have shown some organ toxicity, specifically the liver.  It has also been proven to be a skin irritant.  But to be honest, it is in a dish soap, it is too be expected somewhat.


Even though Clorox's Green Works isn't totally ideal, it is a startign point or a stepping stone to possibly greater products.  I would like to think that the inventions or innovations of todays time will lead to better products in the future.  We have to start somewhere right? I will leave a link for Green Works for whoever is interested.  I will continue to investigate other products.



Sunday, 19 August 2012

Clean & Clear Morning Burst Purifying Facial Cleanser by Johnson &Johnson

I have a teenage step-daughter at home.  When I started this blog she asked me to look into some of the products that she uses on a regular basis.  I was shocked at what I had found out while researching this particular product.  Some of the ingredients, well most of the ingredients actually are really quite harmful.  One in fact has a warning on it that woman of child-bearing age should not use at all due to the fact that it causes birth defects.  I wonder at how companies could knowingly put this ingredient in their products and market it especially to young women and women who are of child-bearing age.  I am a firm believer that the buyer should be aware of the products that they buy, however when faced with long lists of ingredients on most products it becomes a little bit overwhelming.  I hope that this may make it a bit easier for parents and young people who are purchasing their products to have a better idea of what they are in fact getting.
  
Clean & Clear Morning Burst Purifying Facial Cleanser by Johnson &Johnson

Ingredients:
Water (eau)
Sodium laureth sulfate
Glycerin
Acrylates copolymer
Cocamidopropyl betaine
Phenoxyethanol
Polysorbate 20
Isoceteth-20
Mannitol
Sodium hydroxide
 Clean & Clear Morning Burst Purifying Facial Cleanser by Johnson &Johnson
Disodium EDTA
Menthyl lactate
Methylparaben
Citric acid
Propylparaben
Ethylparaben
Cellulose
Menthol
Acrylytes/ammonium methacrylate copolymer
Sodium asorbyl phosphate
Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose
Retinyl palmitate
Tocopheryl acetate
Triethyl citrate
Magnesium aspartate
Zinc gluconate
Copper gluconate
Corallina officianalis extract
Propylene glycol
Mica
Titanium dioxide
Iron oxides
Talc
Chromium hydroxide green
Ultramarines
Parfum

Description:
Water:  H2O, the stuff we drink.

Sodium Laureth Sulfate: Used in most soaps and shampoos, it acts as a foaming agent.  It is what causes soaps and shampoos to lather.  It is known to be an irritant, though it is considered safe in small quantities, the more sodium laureth sulfate used the more irritating it becomes. It is not considered to be a carcinogen.  

Glycerin: is considered safe and of low toxicity.  It is used in products because it is affective at improving the smoothness of the product and is a good lubricant.  Glycerin is a byproduct of bio-diesel.  However, all you vegans take note.  Glycerin produced from bio-diesel is very expensive, so it is more often derived from animal fats such as beef and vegetable oils such as coconut or soy beans.  Therefore some products that list glycerin in their ingredients may not be vegan.

Acrylates copolymer: belongs to the group of polymers or in other words plastic.  Acrylates copolymer are structured after acrylic acid which consists of vinyls.  They appear to be of low toxicity and are considered minor irritants.  However this ingredient is prone to impurities that have raised safety concerns.  Some of these impurities may include acrylic acid and methacrylic acid. In soaps and shampoos it is used as a suspending agent,  anti-static agent and a humidity protectant.

Cocamidopropyl betaine: is derived from the coconut oil and dimethylaminopropylamine (known environmental toxin, respiratory toxin, contact allergen).  It is used as a skin conditioning agent and a surfactant.

Phenoxyethanol: Is a fairly new ingredient, it is a glycol either and is used as a bactericide.  It is generally considered safer then the traditional formaldehyde releasing agents, however the FDA has stated that it can depress the central nervous system which could cause vomiting, diarrhea and can cause dehydration in infants.  There have been concerns of this product being carcinogenic due to the ingredients it is derived from.

Polysorbate 20: is a sorbitol that has been treated with ethylene oxide.  It is used as an emulsifier, a fragrance and a surfactant.  In most studies it is defined as being of low toxicity.  However ethylene oxide is a known carcinogen.  Other concerns are endocrine disruption, organ toxicity, skin irritation and in high doses reproductive and developmental toxicity.

Isoceteth-20: is a polyethylene ether of isocetyl alcohol.  It is used as an emulsifying agent a surfactant. This ingredient does not appear to have been detected in human tissue or urine.  From my research it appears to be of low toxicity, does not appear to be an environmental toxin, and is not bioaccumulative or persistent.

Mannitol: this is a sugar alcohol and is used extensively in the medical field.  It is used as an osmotic diuretic (inhibits the reabsorption of water and Na) and a renal vasodilator (widens the blood vessels). In cosmetics it is used as a skin hydrator.  This ingredient is quite interesting in all it's uses and for those that are interested, worth reading about further.  There appears to be some discrepancy with this product.  In some studies, it appears to be of low toxicity, causing minor irritation of skin and eyes.  In other studies according to RTECH, it shows evidence of it being a mutagen.

Sodium hydroxide: is also known as lye or caustic soda.  As the name suggests it is very caustic which means it burns.  It can cause death if swallowed and blindness if comes in contact with eyes.  In personal care products it is used as a pH balancer and a buffering agent.  It is considered to be  mutagenic, a broad systemic toxin, a respiratory toxin, and is considered to be a strong workplace/occupational hazard.

Disodium EDTA: is a polyamino carboxylic acid. In cosmetics it is used to improve stability towards air. However, it has come under fire of late for being a known persistent organic pollutant.  As well, it is considered to be both a genotoxin and a cytotoxin.  It has also been known to cause developmental and reproductive effects.

Menthyl lactate: is used as a cooling agent and fragrance.  As the name suggests it is a derivative of menthol.  It is considered to be safe and of low toxicity.

Methylparaben: is found in such foods as blueberries.  It acts as an antimicrobial agent.  In cosmetics it is used as an anti-fungal agent.  Parabens have had much controversy surrounding them in recent years, and for good reason.  There is strong evidence of methylparaben being a human skin toxicant, human endocrine disruptor, mutagenic, and a broad systemic toxin.  A good reason to stay away from parabens.

Citric acid: This is in many skin care products especially in the anti-aging products as an alpha hydroxy.  It acts as a chelating agent, fragrance ingredient, a pH adjuster, buffer and masking.  It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, but there are concerns with broad systemic toxicity and skin irritation.

Propylparaben:  Like the other parabens this one is also used as a preservative.  It also mimics estrogen.  It is classified as an endocrine disrupter, a broad systemic toxin, a mutagen, and a developmental and reproductive toxin.  Yikes!

Ethylparaben: is again used as a preservative and is part of the parabens family.  It also mimics estrogen.  It like the other parabens, is classified as an endocrine disrupter, a broad systemic toxin, a mutagen, and a developmental and reproductive toxin.  It is also listed as capable of causing contact hives by immunological pathogenetic mechanism.

Cellulose: is the structural component of the cell wall in green plants.  It is sometimes used as a bulking agent, and a viscosity agent, though in different forms it is used for other purposes as well.  It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, a mutagen.  Overall it appears to be considered safe.

 Menthol: is an organic compound made synthetically from peppermint or other types of mint oils.  It is used as a local anesthetic, counterirritant and a cooling agent, and fragrance.  It appears to be of low toxicity and is considered to be overall safe.

Acrylytes/ammonium methacrylate copolymer:  is used as a binder, film former, and an antistatic agent.  There is little information on this ingredient, however it seems relatively safe.  It has not been detected in human tissue or urine.

Sodium asorbyl phosphate: is a new product and is a derivative of vitamin C.  It is a strong antioxidant  and is used to treat acne, stimulate collagen and whiten skin.  Though it is considered to be a mild skin irritant, it is not mutagenic, a carcinogen or considered to be an environmental toxin.

Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose: is a film former, surfactant and binder.  It is derived from green plants.  It appears to be relatively safe.  It is not considered to be an environmental toxin, a mutagenic or a carcinogen.

Retinyl palmitate: is used in cosmetics as a skin conditioning agent.  It is a known human reproductive toxin, carcinogen, mutagen and broad spectrum toxin.  I am going to add a link to the environmental working group for those that have heard the ongoing debate about retinyl palmitate and want to look into information further. http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/705545/RETINYL_PALMITATE_(VITAMIN_A_PALMITATE)/

Tocopheryl acetate: is also known as vitamin E acetate.  It is used in skin care as an antioxidant, and a skin conditioning agent.  According to some studies, it has shown to be mutagenic, a broad systemic toxin, as well has human skin toxin.

Triethyl citrate: is an ester of citric acid.  It is used as a deodorizer, antioxidant, and masking.  This ingredient does not appear to be an environmental toxin, or appear to be bioaccumulative or persistent.  There is little to suggest that it is harmful to humans, it does not seem to be a carcinogen or a mutagen.

Magnesium aspartate: is the magnesium salt of asperartic acid. It is used as a binding agent, and to aid in the transportation of minerals to the skin cells.  There is very limited research done on magnesium aspartate in cosmetics.  It has not been assessed for safety in cosmetics by industrial panel.  

Zinc gluconate: is a zinc salt of gluconic acid.  It is used as a skin conditioning agent and a biocide (kills odor and bacteria).  This product meets or exceeds criteria for toxicity and persistence under Canadian Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics list.  It is suspected of being an environmental toxin, a respiratory toxin, an immune system toxin.  There is also limited evidence of it being a reproductive toxin and a broad systemic toxin.

Copper gluconate: is a coper salt of gluconic acid.  It is used a s skin conditioning agent and a skin protectant. This product also meets or exceeds criteria for toxicity and persistence under Canadian Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics list.  It is suspected of being an environmental toxin, a respiratory toxin, and a kidney toxin.

Corallina officianalis extract: is a calcareous red seaweed.  It is used as a thickener, emollient and an antioxidant.  It is not considered to be toxic to the environment or to humans.

Propylene glycol: is an organic double alcohol.  It is used as a skin conditioning agent, a fragrance, and humectant.  It is classified as a skin irritant, and can cause conjunctivitis of the eye.  It is also considered to be a mutagen, a broad systemic toxin, and an immune system toxin.

Mica: is a mineral found in the ground, it is generally used as a colorant.  It is considered to be an occupational hazard material.  When construction workers use it they (as good practice) wear mask to prevent the inhalation of the material, as it is a respiratory toxin and can cause scarring in lungs.  There is also limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicity.  It is not considered to be an environmental toxin or a carcinogen.

Titanium dioxide: is derived from titanium and oxygen.  It is used to impart whiteness in personal care products and absorbs or reflects light which helps to protect the product from deterioration.  It is considered to be a medium health priority, with limited evidence of it being a carcinogen.  Some studies have shown it to be a positive mutagen.

Iron oxides: are chemical compounds of iron and oxygen.  Rust is a common iron oxide.  There are 16 all together.  It is used in personal care and cosmetic products as a colorant.  It is suspected to be a respiratory toxic hazard if one inhaled iron oxide powder, other than that it does not appear to be a carcinogen, a mutagen or an environmental toxin.  Overall it does not appear to be of harm or significant toxicity.

talc: is a mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate  Talc has been under a lot of controversy in recent years due to it containing fibers which are very similar to those of asbestos (a known carcinogen)
Though talc sold today is supposed to be free of these fibers, and is monitored by the FDA.  However, there is still discrepancies in studies with some showing no signs of tumors in small test animals and other studies showing positive results of tumors.  It is still considered by some to be a cause for ovarian cancer in some woman.

Chromium hydroxide green: As the name suggests, it is used as a colorant in products.  Though it is suggested to be an environmental toxin, it appears to be relatively safe for human usage.  It does not appear to be carcinogenic.   

Ultramarines: are mineral derived blue pigments composed of sodium, aluminum, silicate, and sulfate.  This product may also be made synthetically.  Beware of FD&C and D&C colors which are known carcinogens.  Buyer beware, pigments are also derived from animals and insects.  This ingredient may not be vegan.  There is limited testing done on this property, though it appears to be of low environmental or human toxicity.
  
parfum: Used to make the product smell nice.  Though it is not considered to be harmful or a toxin, it does cause some individuals to develop headaches.

I understand that all of this is pretty overwhelming and one could say that everything causes cancer these days.  The idea is to be aware of what we are putting on our skin and the skin of our kids, small amounts may be deemed safe, like x-rays.  A small amount of x-rays won't cause harm and are even benefical.  However, if you had an x-ray everyday what would happen.....?

I am going to add a link to a product if anyone is interested in researching into a different, alternative or safer product.  It is called Nature's Aid.  It is made with simple and safe ingredients, and helps with acne among other things.  It may not work as quickly as the chemical products, but for those that are interested in a more natural product it might be worth looking into.
http://www.naturesaid.ca/














Wednesday, 8 August 2012

"For our health and happiness, we must critically evaluate our labels and stories by their effects". Michael J. Cohen

For anyone out there who suffers from allergies you will appreciate this next piece of information.  On Saturday, August 04, 2012, a new legislature was passed regarding allergens on food labels.    In Canada alone approximately 2.5 million people admit to having at least one food allergy. Anaphylaxis is considered to be the most serious form of allergy and has lead to roughly 100-125 deaths per year in the United States alone.


Health Canada lists 10 “priority” food allergens in the regulations, including peanuts, eggs, milk, tree nuts, wheat, soy, sesame seeds, seafood, sulphites and mustard.  

These changes basically include making companies clearly label and identify the presence of known allergens on the products.  They are also to change the wording of the ingredients to make it easier for people to read and.  For those people whose allergies are life-threatening and those with diseases like Celiac (who cannot have gluten), this new law is critical.  Many of the allergens (especially wheat) have been previously hidden in other ingredients like spices or icing sugar and not labelled.  If someone with a severe wheat allergy or celiac disease eat one of these products they would be left withering in pain or sick.  

I am one of those poor unfortunates.  I have a wheat allergy that is pretty severe.   Just recently I came in contact with something that had wheat in it and it left me with crippling stomach pains and lying on the floor for roughly 4 hours.  Not the most fantastic way of wasting an afternoon.  I am still not sure what I ate that may have had some wheat or cross contamination.  So you can understand my relieve when I heard about this new law.  I have been buying gluten-free baking powder, icing sugar and spices for years now.  However I would never have known that these products contained wheat had someone not told me, or I ate them and became sick.  Now it will be made available and no longer hidden for unsuspecting!  Finally changes designed to better protect people with allergies.

TN



Thursday, 2 August 2012

St. Ives Deep Restoring Body Lotion. What we consume is what we are...

The first product I decided to start with was one that I used everyday.  I would apply it at night time and  then snuggle up against my hubby.  The reason I started this blog was because I was so tired of seeing parabens in everything.  The cream I bought and used regularly didn't have any parabens in it, I was sure of that when I bought it.  However, to be perfectly honest, I really didn't know what the other stuff listed on the bottle actually was.  How can I be so concerned and anti-paraben and accept blindly that the other ingredients weren't actually harmful as well?  Thus began my quest.  Awareness of the products we consume is something that we should all be striving for, because honestly, it seems like the big companies sure don't care.

St. Ives Deep Restoring Body Lotion - Claim 100% Natural Moisturizers

Ingredients:
Water (Aqua, Eau)
Glycerin
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride
Cetearyl Alcohol
Mineral Oil (Paraffinum Liquidium)
Stearic Acid
Cetyl Alcohol
Urea
Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter
Prunus Amygdaluspulcis (Sweet Almond)Oil
St. Ives Deep Restoring Body LotionDimethicone
PEG 100 Sterate
Cyclopentasiloxane
Triethanolamine
Cabomer
Cyclohexasiloxane
Ethylhexylglycerin
Disodium EDTA
Phenoxyethanol
Fragrance (Parfum)

Description:

Water: is water and pretty self explanatory

Glycerin: is pretty benign and of low toxicity.  It is used in products mainly because it is affective at improving the smoothness of the product and is a good lubricant.  Glycerin is a byproduct of bio-diesel.  However, all you vegans take note.  This form is very expensive, therefore it is more often derived from animal fats such as beef and vegetable oils such as coconut or soy beans.  Therefore some products that list glycerin in their ingredients may not be vegan.

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride: is generally derived from coconut oil.  When used in skin care products it helps to moisturize dry skin.  It also reduces protein loss when used in hair care products such as shampoo/conditioner.  Its general purpose is to improve the feel and spreadability of creams.  It is also a suitable carrier for oil infusions among other things.  Although coconut oil has been deemed dangerous due to high levels of saturated fats and lauric acid which causes high blood pressure, it does not have the same reputation in personal care products.  It has been regarded as safe, even for pregnant woman to use.  However, there is a small population of people who still have reactions to this ingredient.  One worthy thing to note is this, it can be used as a personal lubricant, however it may cause damage to latex condoms.  An interesting piece of information.

Cetearyl Alcohol: Is considered a fatty alcohol.  It is used as a foam boosting surfactant and an emulsion stabilizer.  In my research I found little information on its toxicity to either the environment or to humans.  Although I did find some blogs discussing it and they seemed to think it was pretty benign to  the environment.

Mineral Oil (Paraffinum Liquidium): Found in most baby care products, creams and make-ups.  It is a by-product from the distillation of petroleum to produce gasoline.  It is considered a carcinogen by the World Health Organization but deemed safe by the American FDA.  It has been known to cause skin cancer in small rodents.  Please be aware of this ingredient.

Stearic Acid: Another really nasty ingredient. It is a saturated fatty acid found in both animals and vegetables.  It is considered safe when used in amounts below certain levels.  If slight to higher doses are used it has been shown to cause cancer, neurotoxicity, organ toxicity, and effects to the nervous system, respiratory system,  as well as skin irratation.

Cetyl Alcohol: Here is an interesting fact the name cetyl is derived from whale oil which was the original source of cetyl.  Now it is derived from petroleum or vegetable oils such as coconut.  It is used in personal care products as a thickening agent or in shampoos as an emulsifier.  In my research, there seemed to be very little information on the toxicity of cetyl alcohol, on either the environment, animals or humans.  The only information I found was the evidence of skin irrations and minor allergies causing rashes.  Most information seemed to deem cetyl alcohol safe to use and practically non toxic.

Urea:  is commonly found in the urine of mammals.  Vegans beware!  However it is also reproduced synthetically for the use in fertilizers, adhesives, plastics, explosives, abortions (yes I said abortions) cigarettes, and skin care products.  That is only the beginning of the list of things Urea is good for.   Now, I know when you read this and you see the word abortions, skin care and cigarettes you think well this stuff can't really be all that good for me (inject mild amount of sarcasm). Well you are correct.  It is know to be very irritating to eyes, skin and the respirtatory track. When used in fertilizer it can cause dermatis which I found highly ironic since it is found in skin care products. when heated can cause toxic gases and when mixed with certain other ingredients can cause violent explosions.  It has also been shown to create algae blooms when used in fertilizers..... Just what I want to put on my face.

Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter: Now this is a neat product.  Shea butter is derived fro the seeds of the African Shea Tree.  It acts as thickening agent as well as a skin conditioner.  This product is preferred because it does not turn into a soap as other fatty oils do.  It is considered a natural moisturizing factor because of its close resemblance to the lipid content of human skin.  It helps to regenerate skin, block out bacteria and naturally absorbs UVB rays to protect the skin from the sun. It is  safe to use and considered non toxic.  However do to the fact that it is a nut people with nut allergies need to beware.

Prunus Amygdaluspulcis dulcis (Sweet Almond)Oil:  Is derived from, yup you guessed it, Almonds.   This product is rich in oils and fats as well as many vitamins.  It is considered safe and non toxic.  However, buyer beware, this may not be the product for you if you suffer from nut allergies.

Dimethicone: also known as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) which is a silicone oil.  It is used in shampoos to lubricate hair and make it easier to comb and adds shine.  In creams it acts as a skin protectant and an emulsifier.  The FDA has deemed it safe to use.  However most people have heard of the horror stories with silicone breast implants leading companies to switch to saline filled implants.  Other side effects linked to PDMS include allergic reactions from mild to severe as well as a worsening in dryness.  Although the data is limited, it appears to also cause non-reproductive toxicity as well as links to environmental toxicity due to the toxins being bioaccummulative.  This means it builds up and builds up in our soils and sediments.

PEG 100 Sterate: Wow another awesome ingredient.  PEG 100 Sterate is created by combining natural oils with stearic acid.  It is used as an emulsifier and a moisturiser as well as a cleaning agent in shampoos.  Now this is where it becomes nasty.  Never use on broken skin as it has been shown to cause kidney toxicity when used in a antimicrobial cream.  It has also been liked to cancer of the breasts and uterine, leukemia and brain cancer due to impurities found in it such a ethylene oxide.  There are also warnings regarding reproductive toxicity, organ system toxicity and skin irrations.  My goodness what on earth are we doing to ourselves?

Cyclopentasiloxane: Is another silicone and is used in cosmetics as a conditioner.  I had a hard time finding out any information on this product.  It appears to be safe in the fact that it has not been detected in human urine or tissues.  Though if heated past point of decomposition it will release toxic gases.  However overall this product appears to be safe and relatively non toxic.  As I say that I am thinking in my head 'this ingredient may need some investigating.'

Triethanolamine: Is used in personal care products as mainly a surfacant and emulsifier and acts as a neutraliser of fatty acids or in other words a PH balancer.  This ingredient is again pretty toxic. It is a known skin irritant and has been linked to minor to severe allergic reactions.  In research it has been linked to tumour growths in the liver of female rodents, surprisingly not in male rodents.  It is also a known toxin to aquatic species.

Cabomer: is not actually one molecule but refers to polymers made from acrylic acid.  It is used in creams and beauty products as a thickening agent and controls the flow of the product.  This ingredient has been labelled as safe and has a low potential for skin irritations, allergic reactions, photo toxicity and sensitisation.

Cyclohexasiloxane: Is another silicone, and is used in cosmetics and beauty products as a skin conditioner and emollient as well as a skin protectent.  It has again been linked to environmental toxicity due to persistence and bioaccumulation.  Those poor animals just don't get a break from our obsession with beauty.  There have also been links to non-reproductive organ system toxicity.  Again I will remind everyone of the silicone breast implants disasters.  Beauty really is pain...or does it have to be?

Ethylhexylglycerin: Hmm interesting, this is a fairly new ingredient and is being used in replacement of parabens.  It is a natural preservative and surfacant and is derived from glycerin. It appears to have low levels of phototoxicity and has shown to have low levels of allergic reactions though there have been a few cases of skin irrations.  I was unable to find any useful information on any possible effects of Ethylhexylglycerin on the environment.

Disodium EDTA: is a poly amino carboxylic acid.  It is synthesised from ethylenediamine, formaldehyde, and sodium, and is used to dissolve limescale.  Yum, because we all have limescale build up on our faces.  It is used in cosmetics to improve its stability in air.  As the reputation implies Disodium EDTA is not a nice ingredient and should be baned.  It is considered a persistent organic pollutant.  It is known to cause negative reproductive and developmental effects.  It has been shown to be mutagenic as well.

Phenoxyethanol: Is another fairly new ingredient, it is a glycol either and is used as a bactericide.  It is generally considered safer then the traditional formaldehyde releasing agents, however the FDA has stated that it can depress the central nervous system which could cause vomiting, diarrhea and can cause dehydration in infants.  There have been concerns of this product being carcinogenic due to the ingredients it is derived from.

Fragrance (Perfume): odours to enhance the product to be appealing and pleasant smelling.  Generally considered safe and non toxic.  However some people do have sensitivities to fragrances and develop such symptoms as headaches or migraines.


So in conclusion, even though it may say 100% all natural, it doesn't necessarily mean that it is safe or healthy.  It is always important to read the labels and understand all that is implied.  After concluding this blog and all the research that was entailed I have come to the conclusion that I will not be buying this product again.  In the future I will be researching alternative products that are both safe and effective.  If anyone has any thoughts or suggestions please feel free to comment.

TN